Tonegawa Collection

Coins of al-Andalus

Tonegawa Collection

CALIPHATE

الخلافة

´Abd al-Rahman III 300-350/912-961 – عبد الرحمن بن محمّد الناصر لدين ألله

Dinar
Andalus
317H
3.98gr | 19mm
Vives 349

Dinar
Sikkat al-Andalus
317H
3.93gr | 21mm
III Jarique, pg 314.
n1, this coin Frochoso, pg 22.

Eight Dinar
(no mint)
318H
0.45gr | 10mm
IV Jarique, pg 36, n1, this coin.

Third Dinar
(no mint)
319H
1.01gr | 13mm
Vives 361
(Frochoso, pg 25,
this coin).

Eight Dinar
(no mint)
320H
0.50gr | 8.5mm
III Jarique, pg 315, n2, this coin.

Dinar
(no mint)
321H
4.02gr | 20mm
Vives 376

Dinar
Andalus
321H
4.08gr | 20mm
Miles 200(a)

Dinar
Andalus
322H
3.75gr | 19mm
III Jarique, pg 315, n3, this coin = Frochoso, pg 31.

Third Dinar
(no mint)
322H
1.18gr | 13mm
Vives 379 (Frochoso,
pg 31, this coin)

Dinar
Andalus
324H
4.00gr | 19mm
III Jarique, pg 316,
n4, this coin.

Dinar
Andalus
330H
3.88gr | 20mm
Miles 217 (a)

Quarter Dinar
Andalus
330H
1.06gr | 14mm
IV Jarique, pg 36,
n2, this coin.

Dinar
Andalus
331H
3.90gr | 19mm
Vives 393*

Dinar
Andalus
332H
3.98gr | 18mm
Vives 394

Quarter Dinar
Andalus
332H
0.87gr | 12mm
Vives 395

Dinar
332H
(with Muhammad
in IA)
3.74gr | 19mm
III Jarique, pg 316,
n5, this coin.

Dinar
Andalus
333H
3.86gr | 18mm
Vives 399

Dinar
Andalus
334H
4.18gr | 21mm
Vives 401
May be of the same die as the unique one in Vives. This coin would seem to imitate the presentation dinars of other contemporary Islamic dynasties.

Dinar
Andalus
334H
4.26gr | 19mm
Vives 401 variant

Dinar
Andalus
334H
4.10gr | 23mm
IV Jarique, pg 37,
n3, this coin.
The double legend in the margin of
the IA is a unique case in the dinars
of al-Andalus.

Dinar
Andalus
334H
(with Hisham in IA)
3.78gr | 24mm
Vives 406

Dinar
Andalus
335H
3.90gr | 23mm
Miles 224(a)

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
336H
3.44gr | 19mm
III Jarique, pg 317,
n7, this coin.
Of similar
distribution as Vives 414 but with “fi” before the “sanata”. Could be a similar coin, but not clear in Vives plates.

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.32gr | 21mm
III Jarique, pg 318, n8, this coin*

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
3.82gr | 19mm
Vives 420

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
4.40gr | 20mm
III Jarique, pg 318, n9, this coin.

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
4.20gr | 19mm
Vives 423

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
3.96gr | 21mm
Miles 234(a) variant

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
3.98gr | 21mm
Vives 442

Dinar
Period False of this ruler. Fractional dinar, copper with taces guilding. Similar to Vives 379.

After a hiatus of nearly forty years the Cordoba mint was re-established during the reign of ´Abd al-Rahman III on the 13th of Ramadan, 316H. The coins of the first year are extremely rare, probably no more than three such coins are known.( A coin attributed to this date by Miles, his 186a, is an obvious error – see the article in al-Sikka 2001, vol 3.1, ” A century old numismatic myth”). 

The correct techniques of striking coins must have been partially lost during this four decade closure as can be evidenced by the many uneven strikes in the coinage of the first four years.

Dirham
Andalus
316H
3.20gr | 27mm
Vives 347

Dirham
Andalus
317H
2.50gr | 27mm
Vives 348

Dirham
Andalus
317H
2.30gr | 26mm
Vives 348

Dirham
Andalus
317H
2.60gr | 29mm
Vives 348

Dirham
Andalus
317H
2.22gr | 28mm
Vives 348

Dirham
Andalus
317H
2.54gr | 29mm
Vives 348

Dirham
Andalus
318H
2.76gr | 27mm
Vives 354

Dirham
Andalus
318H
2.26gr | 27mm
Vives 354

Dirham
Andalus
318H
2.16gr | 28mm
Vives 354

Dirham
Andalus
318H
2.94gr | 27mm
Vives 354

Dirham
Andalus
318H(?)
3.20gr | 27mm
Vives 354 (?)
Date doubtful, at two o’clock on the margin of IIA there could be the last letter of the first digit. Of note in this coin is the six point star that is at the bottom of the IIA.

Dirham
Andalus
318H
2.52gr | 27mm
Vives 354
This variant seems to have a fi before the sanata.

Dirham
Sikkat al-Andalus
318H
2.02gr | 28mm
Vives 356

Dirham
Andalus
319H
2.70gr | 26mm
Delgado plates, pg 100, n8, this coin.

Dirham
Andalus
319H
2.50gr | 26mm
Vives 360

Dirham
Andalus
319H
3.38gr | 27mm
Vives 360

Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.18gr | 28mm
Vives 364

Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.38gr | 27mm
Vives 365

Dirham
Andalus
320H
3.06gr | 30mm
Vives 366

Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.90gr | 28mm
Vives 366

Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.88gr | 28mm
Vives 371

Dirham
Andalus
320H
1.9gr | 25mm
Vives 371

Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.89gr | 327mm
Vives 372
There is a fi before the sanata which Vives was unable to see on his coin.

Dirham
Andalus
320H
3.20gr | 27mm
Vives 373

Dirham
320H
3.90gr | 29mm
Frochoso, 320.23d, pg 28, this coin.

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.04gr | 25mm
Frochoso, 321.30d, pg 28, this coin

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.04gr | 25mm
Die variant of previous coin.

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.24gr | 25mm
Vives 378

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.24gr | 25mm
Vives 378

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.34gr | 25mm
Vives 378

Dirham
Andalus
321H
2.42gr | 26mm
Vives 378

Dirham
Andalus
322H
2.74gr | 25mm
Vives 383

Dirham
Andalus
322H
2.54gr | 25mm
Vives 383

Dirham
Andalus
323H
2.74gr | 25mm
Vives 384

Dirham
Andalus
323H
2.96gr | 26mm
Vives 384

Dirham
Andalus
324H
2.68gr | 25mm
Vives 385

Dirham
Andalus
324H
3.24gr | 24mm
Vives 385

Dirham
Andalus
325H
3.26gr | 24mm
Vives 386

Dirham
Andalus
325H
2.68gr | 24mm
Vives 386

Dirham
Andalus
325H
3.20gr | 24mm
Vives 386

Dirham
Andalus
326H
3.26gr | 25mm
Vives 387

Dirham
Andalus
326H
2.64gr | 24mm
Vives 387

Dirham
Andalus
326H
2.52gr | 22mm
Vives 387

Dirham
Andalus
327H
3.92gr | 24mm
Vives 388

Dirham
Andalus
327H
3.04gr | 26mm
Vives 388

Dirham
Andalus
328H
3.94gr | 26mm
Vives 389

Dirham
Andalus
328H
3.62gr | 25mm
Vives 389

Dirham
Copper
(Andalus)
32(?)H
3.84gr 25mm

This coin was probably silver plated. It would be difficult to ascertain whether or not this coin was a product of the actual mint. Many of the coins struck for nearly a decade under the mint master Sa’id ibn al Djassas are evidently of base silver. This led to public protestation and Sa’id was duly put in jail. The leniency of the punishment and the extreme brevity of his stay in jail ( quick royal pardon) would perhaps indicate that this lengthy debasement of coinage was probably due to state policy and not just Sa’id’s greed.

Dirham
Andalus
329 H
3.02gr | 26mm
Vives 392

There is some debate as to if this coin is not of the date 327H. See Al-Qantara, vol IX, 1988, pg 471-74.

Dirham
Andalus
330H
2.34gr | 25mm
Vives 396

Dirham
Andalus
330H
3.14gr | 25mm
Vives 396

Dirham
Andalus
331H
2.92gr | 24mm
Vives 397

Dirham
Andalus
331H
2.82gr | 24mm
Vives 397

Dirham
Andalus
332H
3.66gr | 23mm
Vives 398

Dirham
Andalus
332H
3.62gr | 23mm
Vives 398

Dirham
Andalus
332H
2.84gr | 25mm
Vives 403

Dirham
Andalus
332H
2.80gr | 23mm
Vives 403

Dirham
Andalus
333H
2.60gr | 24mm
Vives 404

Dirham
Andalus
333H
3.04gr | 24mm
Vives 404

Dirham
Andalus
334H
3.74gr | 25mm
Vives 405

Dirham
Andalus
334H
2.56gr | 23mm
Vives 407

Dirham
Andalus
334H
3.44gr | 29mm
Vives 408

Dirham
Andalus
334H
3.54gr | 30mm
Vives 408

Dirham
Andalus
335H
3.60gr | 30mm
Vives 409

Dirham
Andalus
335H
2.06gr | 25mm
Vives 411

Dirham
Andalus
335H
2.06gr | 25mm
Numisma 237, pg 293, n3, this coin.

Dirham
Andalus
336H
3.08gr | 26mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
3.42gr | 24mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
3.36gr | 24mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
2.72gr | 25mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
3.42gr | 25mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
2.58gr | 25mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Andalus
336H
3.08gr | 26mm
Vives 413

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.90gr | 25mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.24gr | 24mm
Vives 435

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.70gr | 24mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.20gr | 24mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.72gr | 26mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.84gr | 25mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.64gr | 26mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.30gr | 24mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.22gr | 26mm
Vives 417

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.90gr | 25mm
Vives 417
Variant with fi before sanata. Miles 227ii.

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.28gr | 24mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.58gr | 24mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.06gr | 22mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.08gr | 22mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.54gr | 24mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
2.48gr | 23mm
Vives 418

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
339H
3.04gr | 24mm
Vives 419

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
339H
2.36gr | 23mm
Vives 419

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.92gr | 24mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.96gr | 24mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
3.26gr | 23mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.84gr | 22mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.72gr | 22mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.52gr | 22mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.54gr | 23mm
Vives 421

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.88gr | 22mm
Vives 422

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
3.28gr | 24mm
Vives 422

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.44gr | 22mm
Vives 422

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.72gr | 23mm
Vives 422

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.90gr | 22mm
Vives 437

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
2.80gr | 22mm
Vives 424

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
1.94gr | 22mm
Vives 424

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
2.88gr | 22mm
Vives 425 variant IA, Frochoso, pg 46.

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
3.08gr | 22mm
Vives 425 variant IA, Frochoso, pg 46

Dirham
Andalus (?)
343H
3.43gr | 22mm
Vives 446

Vives (pg 54) considered this coin to be North African and probably from the mint of Fas, due to its aspect and the name al-Mu’izz.
Miles (pg 233), reasonably, adds that it could be a counterfeit. The coins of Fas with the name Mu’izz do not appear until the last decade of that 4th century. The date on this coin is not that clear and could also be read as 393H., while the reading of the ruler, though probable, has quite a few epigraphic errors. The coin seems to be of good silver.

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
344H
3.16gr | 23mm
Vives 427

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
345H
2.72gr | 23mm
Vives 428

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.14gr | 24mm
Vives 429

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.10gr | 24mm
Vives 440

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.12gr | 25mm
Vives 440

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
1.92gr | 24mm
Vives 440

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
347H
1.96gr | 23mm
Vives 441

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
3.24gr | 23mm
Vives 443

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
2.568gr | 25mm
Vives 431

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
349H
2.32gr | 22mm
Vives 444

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra`
350H
2.08gr | 22mm
Vives 445

Coins struck by North African rulers in the name of ´Abd al- Rahman III

Al-Buri ibn Musa “al- Wathiq..” (According to Ibn Khaldun, al-Buri died in 345H.).

Fractional dirham
(date & mint not readable)
1.26gr | 16mm
Saenz-Diez, pg 72.

Al-Khayr ibn Muhammad al-Maghrawi

Fractional dirham
(mint not readable)
330H (?)
1.75gr | 17mm
Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Numismatics ( London, 1986), pg 417-421, this coin.
First identified correctly by N. M. Lowick of the British Museum.

al-Hakam II (al-Mustansir) 350-366/961-976 – الحكم المستنصر بألله

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
357H
4.01gr | 21mm
Vives 467

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
358H
4.06gr | 22mm
Vives 469

Eight Dinar
no mint
358H
0.49gr | 10mm
No reference. To date, this is the smallest gold coin known for this ruler.

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
359H
3.41gr | 22mm
Vives 471

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
360H
4.39gr | 23mm
Vives 472

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
361H
3.86gr | 24mm
Vives 481

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
362H
3.46gr | 22mm
Vives 484

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
3.12gr | 23mm
Vives 489

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
4.52gr | 23mm
Vives 492 *

Third Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
1.20gr | 16mm
Vives 495

Dinar
Madinat al-Zahra’
364H
4.48gr | 21mm
Vives 476

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
350H
3.90gr | 24mm
Vives 447

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
350H
2.46gr | 25mm
Vives 447

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
351H
2.70gr | 24mm
Vives 448

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
351H
2.92gr | 27mm
Vives 449

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
351H
3.14gr | 24mm
Vives 449

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
352H
2.06gr | 24mm
Vives 450

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
352H
2.96gr | 25mm
Vives 450

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
352H
2.28gr | 23mm
Vives 450

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
352H
2.96gr | 24mm
Vives 450

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
353H
2.50gr | 27mm
Vives 451

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
353H
2.58gr | 22mm
Vives 451

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
354H
2.82gr | 22mm
Vives 452

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
354H
2.56gr | 22mm
Vives 453

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
354H
3.08gr | 22mm
Vives 452

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
355H
3.10gr 2| 2mm
Vives 454

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
356H
2.38gr | 22mm
Vives 455

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
356H
2.56gr | 22mm
Vives 455

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
356H
2.26gr | 20mm
Vives 456

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
356H
2.48gr | 23mm
Vives 457

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
357H
2.76gr | 22mm
Vives 458

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
357H
2.60gr | 23mm
Vives 458

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
357H
3.20gr | 21mm
Vives 458

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
358H
3.52gr | 22mm
Vives 459

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
358H
1.86gr | 23mm
Vives 459

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
359H
2.72gr | 21mm
Vives 460

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
360H
2.86gr | 24mm
Vives 461

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
360H
3.52gr | 22mm
Vives 464

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
361H
2.88gr | 21mm
Vives 462

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
361H
1.80gr | 24mm
Vives 482

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
361H
2.46gr | 26mm
Vives 483

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
361H
3.34gr | 27mm
Vives 483

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
362H
3.02gr | 23mm
Vives 485

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
362H
3.22gr | 24mm
Vives 485

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
2.84gr | 22mm
Vives 475

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
2.56gr | 23mm
Vives 475

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
363H
2.44gr | 23mm
Vives 493

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
364H
3.08gr | 23mm
Vives 477

Dirham
Madinat al-Zahra’
364H
3.38gr | 24mm
Vives 477

Dirham
Andalus
365H
2.88gr | 23mm
Vives 496

Dirham
365H
2.60gr | 22mm
Vives 497

Dirham
Andalus
365H
2.74gr | 24mm
Frochoso 365.20d, pg 66, this coin.

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in North Africa

Madinat al-Baṣra
365H
3.45gr | 24mm
Gaspariño-Francés, 2009 this coin

Hisham II 1st reign (al-Mu’ayyad) 366-399/976-1009 – هشام المؤيد بألله

Dinar
Andalus
368H
3.64gr 23mm
Vives 502

Dinar
Andalus
377H
4.68gr 23mm
Miles 278b but with “fi”, Frochoso pg.72, this coin.

Dinar
Andalus
379H
4.32gr 23mm
Vives 509

Dinar
Andalus
380H
4.62gr 23mm
Vives 511

Dinar
Andalus
383H
4.14gr 23mm
Vives 516

Dinar
Andalus
385H
4.12gr 22mm
Miles 305a

Dinar
Andalus 386H 4.72gr. 25mm.
Vives 529.

Third Dinar
Andalus
386H
1.06gr 14mm
Vives 530

Dinar
Andalus
388H
3.70gr 22mm
Vives 537

Dinar
Andalus
389H
4.28gr 24mm
Vives 540

Dinar
Andalus
390H
3.56gr 22mm
Vives 543

Dinar
Andalus
390H
4.32gr 23mm
Vives 555

Dinar
Andalus
391H
3.88gr 22mm
Vives 547

Dinar
Andalus
392H
3.94gr 24mm
Miles 322i *

Dinar
Andalus
392H
5.25gr 22mm
Frochoso 392.20.D

Dinar
Andalus
393H
4.26gr 23mm
Vives 576

Dinar
Andalus
394H
3.58gr 23mm
Vives 578

Dinar
Andalus
395H
3.26gr 23mm
Miles 328a

Dinar
Andalus
396H
3.46gr 21mm
Miles 332b

Dinar
Andalus
397H
3.96gr 23mm
Miles 335b

Dinar
Andalus
398H
4.32gr 24mm
Vives 591

Dinar
Andalus
399H
4.12gr 23mm
Vives 593
This very rare and historically important dinar was actually struck by ‘Abd al-Rahman “el Sanchuelo” the youngest son of al Mansur. In the I.A ‘Abd al Rahman names as khadjib his infant son ‘Abd al -‘Azziz. This absurd appointment and his own claim to the succession after Hisham II was the spark that started the Cordoba revolution or “fitna” which rapidly lead to the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate and the start of the turbulent Taifa period.

Struck by the Umayyads in Madinat Fas.

Dinar
Madinat Fas
389H
4.07gr 23mm
III Jarique, pg. 319, n10. This coin.
The ‘Abd Allah in I.A is ‘Abd Allah ibn Yahya ibn Abi ‘Amir a nephew of al-Mansur. This unique dinar is the only specimen known for this mint during whole period of its control by the Umayyads.

Dinar
Sidjilmasa
(date not readable)
3.96gr 19mm
type Vives 668 but “wazin” on I.A.
North African dinar with nominal recognition of Hisham II and al-Mansur ibn Abi ‘Amir.

Dirham
Andalus
366H
3.18gr 26mm
Vives 498

Dirham
Andalus
366H
3.72gr 24mm
Vives 498

Dirham
Andalus
366H
2.68gr 24mm
Miles 263(j)
“fi” before ” sanata”

Dirham
Andalus
366H
3.22gr 25mm
Vives 526

Dirham
Andalus
367H
3.28gr 24mm
Vives 500

Dirham
Andalus
367H
2.46gr 24mm
Vives 500

Dirham
Andalus
367H
2.56gr 25mm
Vives 525

Dirham
Andalus
367H
3.56gr 28mm
Of note is large module as
Vives. 501, Miles 264(j) but with “fi” before “sanata”.

Dirham
Andalus
368H
3.52gr 23mm
Vives 503

Dirham
Andalus
369H
2.93gr 23mm
Vives 504

Dirham
Andalus
370H
3.44gr 23mm
Vives 505

Dirham
Andalus
371H
3.82gr 23mm
Vives
506

There is an interesting hiatus in the coinage of al-Andalus from the year 372 to 376 inclusive were no coins seem to have been struck. ( Miles’s references for the years 372, 373, 374, 375 and 379 – his numbers 272, 274, 275, 276 & 277 respectively are to be prudently discarded as very dubious indirect references of which, to date, none have ever been confirmed.)

From the events registered in the historical chronicles of those years there is no event or combination of them which would in any way justify the closure of the mint for five years. Was it then deemed that there were too many coins in circulation?

Dirham
Andalus
377H
2.44gr 24mm
Miles 278 (h)

Dirham
Andalus
378H
3.18gr 25mm
Vives 508

Dirham
Andalus
379H
3.22gr 25mm
Vives 510

Some of the dirhams of 379H, similar to the following two, were mistakenly classified as of 399H by Miles ( see his numbers 340 (c)- (n). Even though the somewhat fancy epigraphy of the second digit, with the decreasing strokes of the initial “sin” fusing into the “ba”, could be somewhat confusing the sudden and unique re-appearance, at this late a date, of ‘Amir on the I.A should have been enough to give the initial reading a second thought.

Dirham
Andalus
379H
3.08gr 24mm
Vives 510

Dirham
Andalus
379H
2.72gr 25mm
Vives 510

Dirham
Andalus
380H
3.90gr 25mm
Vives 512

Dirham
Andalus
380H
3.88gr 24mm
Vives 512

Dirham
Andalus
380H
3.02gr 25mm
Vives 512

Dirham
Andalus
381H
3.08gr 26mm
Vives 514

Dirham
Andalus
381H
3.16gr 25mm
Vives 514

Dirham
Andalus
381H
2.64gr 25mm
Vives 514

Dirham
Andalus
382H
2.92gr 24mm
Vives 515

Dirham
Andalus
382H
2.82gr 24mm
Vives 515

Dirham
Andalus
383H
2.84gr 24mm
Vives 517

Dirham
Andalus
383H
3.92gr 23mm
Vives 517

Dirham
Andalus
383H
2.84gr 24mm
Vives 517

Dirham
Andalus
383H
3.00gr 23mm
Date on IIA otherwise as Vives. 517

Dirham
Andalus
384H
3.76gr 25mm
Vives 519

Dirham
Andalus
384H
2.56gr 23mm
Vives 519

Dirham
Andalus
385H
2.80gr 25mm
Vives 520

Dirham
Andalus
385H
3.54gr 23mm
Vives 520

Dirham
Andalus
386H
3.88gr 23mm
Vives 521

Dirham
Andalus
386H
2.76gr 25mm
Vives 531

Dirham
Andalus
386H
2.78gr 25mm
Vives 531

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 533

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 533

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 536

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 536

The following four coins (n 41-44) are quite atypical for this period and were, as such, set apart by Vives. They all lack the obligatory “Amir” on the II.A and the name of the mint master on the I.A. There seems to be no reasonable explanation for this double omition.

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.14gr 23mm
Vives 595

Dirham
Andalus
387H
3.06gr 22mm
Vives 595

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.60gr 24mm
Vives 596

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.42gr 23mm
Vives 596

Dirham
Andalus
388H
3.48gr 24mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
388H
3.00gr 24mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.86gr 26mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.82gr 23mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.90gr 25mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
388H
2.74gr 24mm
Vives 538

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.48gr 25mm
Vives 541

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.06gr 26mm
Vives 541

Dirham
Andalus
389H
2.62gr 24mm
Vives 541

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.30gr 25mm
Vives 541

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 553

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.24gr 25mm
Vives 564

Dirham
Andalus
389H
3.06gr 22mm
inedito

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.00gr 23mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.02gr 22mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.24gr 22mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.48gr 24mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
2.86gr 24mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.34gr 24mm
Vives 545

Dirham
Andalus
390H
3.90gr 23mm
Vives 556

Dirham
Andalus
391H
3.44gr 25mm
Vives 549

Dirham
Andalus
391H
2.90gr 22mm
Vives 549

Dirham
Andalus
391H
3.00gr 23mm
Vives 549

Dirham
Andalus
391H
2.56gr 24mm
Vives 549

Dirham
Andalus
391H
2.67gr 22mm
Vives 552

Dirham
Andalus
391H
3.02gr 23mm
Vives 558

Dirham
Andalus
391H
3.02gr 22mm
Vives 562

Dirham
391H
3.48gr 22mm
Vives 563

Dirham
391H
3.24gr 23mm
Vives 567

Dirham
Andalus
391H
2.84 gr 23mm
Frochoso 391.196 ?

Dirham
Andalus
391H
3.06gr 22mm
inedito

Dirham
Andalus
392H
3.01gr 23mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
3.18gr 23mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
2.96gr 23mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
3.24gr 23mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
3.60gr 24mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
2.74gr 24mm
Vives 569

Dirham
Andalus
392H
2.58gr 24mm
Vives 572

Dirham
Andalus
392H
2.95gr 24mm
Vives 573

Dirham
Andalus
393H
3.54gr 24mm
Vives 577

Dirham
Andalus
393H
3.40gr 23mm
Vives 577

Dirham
Andalus
393H
3.64gr 23mm
Vives 577

Dirham
Andalus
394H
3.54gr 23mm
Vives 580

Dirham
Andalus
394H
3.41gr 23mm
Vives 580

Dirham
Andalus
395H
3.43gr 23mm
Vives 587

Dirham
Andalus
395H
2.96gr 24mm
Vives 581

Dirham
Andalus
395H
2.81gr 23mm
Vives 581

Dirham
Andalus
395H
3.72gr 24mm
Vives 581

Dirham
Andalus
395H
3.22gr 23mm
Vives 581

Dirham
Andalus
396H
3.60gr 23mm
Vives 583

Dirham
Andalus
396H
3.84gr 23mm
Vives 583

Dirham
Andalus
396H
3.60gr 23mm
Vives 583

Dirham
Andalus
396H
3.36gr 23mm
Vives 588

Dirham
Andalus
396H
3.10gr 23mm
Vives 588

Dirham
397H
3.44gr 23mm 
Vives 590

Dirham
Andalus
397H
2.78gr 23mm 
Vives 590

Dirham
Andalus
397H
3.32gr 23mm 
Vives 590

Dirham
Andalus
397H
3.20gr 23mm 
Vives 590

Dirham
Andalus
397H
3.38gr 23mm 
Vives 589

Dirham
Andalus
398H
3.16gr 25mm 
Vives 592

Dirham
Andalus
398H
2.86gr 24mm 
Vives 592

Dirham
Andalus
398H
3.36gr 24mm 
Vives 592

Dirham
Andalus
398H
4.23gr 24mm 
Vives 592

Dirham
Andalus
398H
3.36gr 24mm 
Vives 592 

Dirham
Andalus
399H
2.48gr 24mm 
Vives 594

Dirham
Andalus
399H
2.74gr 24mm 
Vives 594

For the last two coins see note on a dinar of the same ruler and date

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Madinat Fas.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
377H
2.00gr 21mm 
Vives 600

Dirham
Madinat Fas
377H
2.58gr 22mm 
Vives 600

Dirham
Madinat Fas
377H
2.00gr 20mm 
No reference.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
379H
2.36gr 21mm 
Vives 602

Dirham
Madinat Fas
380H
3.26gr 21mm
Vives 606

Dirham
Madinat Fas
381H
2.88gr 22mm
Vives 607

Dirham
(no mint)
381H
2.48gr 21mm

Dirham
Madinat Fas
382H
2.46gr 21mm
Miles 296

Dirham
Madinat Fas
382H
3.12gr 23mm
Miles 296

Dirham
Madinat Fas
383H
2.70gr 23mm
Vives 608

Dirham
Madinat Fas
383H
4.08gr 24mm
Vives 608

Dirham
Madinat Fas
384H
2.30gr 24mm
Vives 609

Dirham
Madinat Fas
385H
3.18gr 24mm
Vives 610

Dirham
Madinat Fas
385H
3.54gr 24mm
Vives 610

Dirham
Madinat Fas
385H
4.16gr 22mm
Vives 610

Dirham
Madinat Fas
386H
3.56gr 24mm
Vives 611

Dirham
Madinat Fas
386H
3.72gr 25mm
Vives 611

Dirham
Madinat Fas
387H
3.16gr 23mm
Vives 613

Dirham
Madinat Fas
387H
3.14gr 24mm
Vives 613

Dirham
Madinat Fas
388H
3.22gr 22mm
Vives 618
struck by Ziri ibn ‘Atiya in rebelion against al-Mansur ibn Abi ‘Amir. In it the nominal ruler, Hisham II, is recognized while the name ‘Amir is deleted.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
388H
3.34gr 21mm
Vives 618
struck by Ziri ibn ‘Atiya in rebelion against al-Mansur ibn Abi ‘Amir. In it the nominal ruler, Hisham II, is recognized while the name ‘Amir is deleted.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
389H
3.74gr 25mm
Vives 614

Dirham
Madinat Fas
389H
3.02gr 25mm
Vives 614

Dirham
Madinat Fas
389H
3.41gr 25mm
Vives 614

Dirham
Madinat Fas
389H
4.64gr 25mm
Vives 621

Dirham
Madinat Fas
389H
4.01gr 24mm
Vives 621

Dirham
Madinat Fas
390H
2.88gr 22mm
Vives 629

Dirham
Madinat Fas
390H
2.38gr 21mm
Vives 625

Dirham
Madinat Fas
390H
3.10gr 21mm
Vives 625

Dirham
Madinat Fas
391H
1.86gr 24mm
Vives 626

Dirham
Madinat Fas
391H
3.82gr 25mm
Vives 626

Dirham
Madinat Fas
392H
3.36gr 24mm
Vives 628

Dirham
Madinat Fas
392H
2.42gr 23mm
Vives 615

Dirham
Madinat Fas
392H
2.66gr 23mm
Vives 615

Dirham
Madinat Fas
392H
3.22gr 23mm
Vives 615

Dirham
Madinat Fas
393H?
3.48gr 24mm
‘Abd al-Malik in II.A.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
393H
2.62gr 23mm
‘Abd al-Malik in II.A. & al-Mu’izz in I.A.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
394H
3.54gr 24mm
Vives 637

Dirham
Madinat Fas
394H
3.32gr 24mm
Vives 637

Dirham
Madinat Fas
394H
2.40gr 23mm
Vives 640

Dirham
Madinat Fas
394H?
3.10gr 24mm
No reference, but same distribution as Vives 638

Dirham
Madinat Fas
395H
2.96gr 25mm
Vives 638

Dirham
Madinat Fas
396H
3.56gr 24mm
Vives 644

Dirham
(no mint name)
396H
3.54gr 24mm
No reference.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
397H
2.10gr 24mm
No reference.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
397H?
3.08gr 23mm
Vives 666

Dirham
Madinat Fas
398H?
2.64gr 24mm

Dirham
Madinat Fas
398H
2.90gr 24mm
No reference, al-Mu’izz I.A & ‘Abd al-Malik + al-Mu’izz II.A.

Dirham
Madinat Fas
398H
3.84gr 24mm
No reference,
‘Abd al-Malik I.A & al-Hadjib al-Mu’izz II.A

Dirham
Madinat Fas
398H
2.58gr 21mm

Dirham
Madinat Fas
398H
3.11gr 22mm
Vives 632

Dirham
Fas
398H
3.36gr 23mm
No reference, al-Mu’izz on both areas.

Dirham
Fas
398H
3.20gr 23mm
No reference,
‘Abd al-Malik I.A & al-Mu’izz II.A.

Dirham
Fas
398H
2.58gr 23mm
Vives 652

Dirham
Fas
398H
3.06gr 23mm
Vives 652

Dirham
Fas
398H
3.12gr 22mm
Vives 654

Dirham
Fas
398H
2.74gr 22mm
Vives 655
Saenz-Diez, pg 55, this coin.

Dirham
Fas
398H
3.10gr 22.5mm
Vives 655
Saenz-Diez, pg 55

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Nakur

Dirham
Madinat Nakur
389H
3.11gr 23mm
No reference, but may be same as Vives 672?

Dirham
Nakur
397H
3.30gr 22mm
Vives 674

Dirham
Nakur
397H
3.34gr 21mm
Vives 674

Dirham
Nakur
399H
2.24gr 23mm

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Al-Mansura

Dirham
al-Mansura
(38)7H?
2.48gr 21mm